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Education - Office of Superintendent - School Censuses

Identifier: 012-02-060

Scope and Contents

The state government established a Common School Fund in 1828. This fund would be financed by the collection of various taxes and would be used to subsidize the poor schools, later called common or public schools. The amount of money each school received would depend primarily on the number of children the school had enrolled. The officials of each school district were required to submit a census of its school age population to the State School Commissioner. The commissioner would then disburse to the county officials their portion of the money from the state fund on a student pro rata basis. The officials required to collect this data were originally the County Ordinaries or Justices of the Inferior Courts. When the custom of creating local school boards and county school commissioners became prevalent in the latter 19th century, the school commissioners were assigned the duty of compiling the census. The periods of compiling the censuses ranged from ten years in the early 19th century to the four ‑ year period that is currently required. These censuses include the following information: (1) name of precinct, ward, militia district, or other sub ‑ county governmental unit, (2) number of males and females both white and African - American, 6 ‑ 18 years old within the governmental unit, (3) number of defectives (blind, deaf and dumb, crippled, feeble minded) within governmental unit, (4) number of children over 10 years of age that never attended school within governmental unit


  • Created: 1908-1923


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Arrangement Note

The counties are listed alphabetically within each volume and the volumes are arranged chronologically.

Education - Office of Superintendent - School Censuses
Georgia Archives
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Part of the Georgia Archives Repository

5800 Jonesboro Rd
Morrow GA 30260 United States